공항 주변 소음 관리
공항은 항공기 소음 관리를 맡고 있는 국제 민간 항공기구 (ICAO)의 의견을 바탕으로 다양한 계획을 통해 지역 사회의 불만을 최소화 할 수 있습니다.
Airports are noisy and the activities surrounding them can be disruptive to people living and working in the vicinity. Noise from aircraft take-off and landing can affect people’s ability to sleep, communicate and relax – leading to increased stress and deteriorating health. As good corporate citizens, airports want to understand and minimize the impacts while meeting regulatory requirements.
For decades, aviation noise management strategies were founded on the premise that community annoyance is directly linked to noise exposure levels. But it's become clear there are other non-acoustic factors at play. Annoyance can be amplified by unmet community expectations and lack of trust due to poor perceptions of transparency and engagement.
To grow sustainably, airports must ensure that their facts are clear, debate is informed and all voices are heard. The benefits of aviation must balance with the impacts. New technology focused on reducing annoyance magnifiers is playing a key role in helping find this balance.
Airport noise management
Airports can address environmental issues and minimize noise exposure through a range of initiatives based on the ICAO’s balanced approach to aircraft noise management. The aim of the balanced approach is to select optimal ways to minimize the negative impacts on the community while enabling aviation growth.
Reliable data on airport operations and noise exposure is essential to ensure that impacts on the community are understood and to show that agreed actions are implemented. Outdoor noise monitoring terminals provide real-time factual data to address community impact. Accurate flight tracking provides information on where aircraft fly and monitoring of compliance with noise abatement procedures. Trusted information is a vital cornerstone for effective community engagement programmes that reduce annoyance.
Airport expansion and noise complaints
New operations and airport growth typically lead airports along a noise management progression curve. Traffic increases, flight procedure changes and new terminals and runways can alter an airport’s noise footprint and subsequent community awareness of airport operations. Community concerns about aircraft noise are the biggest obstacle to the future growth of the aviation industry. Managed badly, community annoyance can lead to the rejection of or delays in expansion projects, underutilized infrastructure or operating restrictions.
Beyond the minimum noise monitoring requirements for planning permissions or noise abatement rules, best-practice programmes aim to build trust and expand social licence through education and communication. By engaging communities online, airports can cost-effectively share data that builds community trust and tolerance.